The pattern in a "punja" dhurrie is created by using weft-faced plain weaving technique, also called tapestry weave, in which the wefts are tightly packed so that the warps are hidden or almost hidden. Tapestry woven rugs are reversible and will look the same on both the sides. The motifs used in a "punja" dhurrie are stylized adaptations of the traditional motifs, in order to make them amenable to the tapestry weaving technique. See the adaptation of elephant motif in the figure below.
Unlike the carpets which were introduced in India from Persia by the Mughal emperor Akbar in 16th century AD, dhurries were being woven in India since 1st – 3rd century AD. A piece of textile fragment excavated from Niya site in East Turkestan is thought to be a cotton rug woven in India. A wooden "punja", excavated from the Niya site is shown below.
A dhurrie can be classified based on its design, belonging to categories such as stripes, pictorial, floral, medallion, geometric and prayer.
Kalavilasa is engaged with weavers in Uttar Pradesh and Rajasthan to produce exquisite dhurries, made of cotton as well as wool. Read about them at http://kalavilasa.com